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Biden’s new executive order targets climate change

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President Joe Biden signed a wide-ranging executive order on Wednesday to force the federal government to plan and respond to the immediate threat of a warming planet, expounding his historical significance of how the United States once again became a global climate leader. Vision.

This move will stop new fossil fuel leases on public land, promote the development and protection of renewable energy, and establish new government offices and inter-agency groups to prioritize job creation, clean up pollution and environmental justice.

Since taking office last week, Biden and his cabinet nominee have repeatedly stated that addressing the climate crisis is their top priority. Through these new actions, Biden detailed how he plans to achieve this goal by making the federal government the center of the response.

“The United States and the world are facing a deep climate crisis,” the main Executive order Biden signed. “We have a narrow time to take action at home and abroad to avoid the most catastrophic impact of the crisis and seize the opportunities brought about by climate change.”

Biden’s early climate change is in stark contrast with the actions of former President Donald Trump. Donald Trump’s actions include immediately removing climate change from the White House website, thwarting climate action and using his executive power to promote oil. The development of natural gas and coal.

Biden’s first day of climate action was a direct response to Trump, including instructing his staff to review more than 100 anti-environmental regulations enacted by Trump and activate the country Rejoin the Paris climate agreement. However, these new initiatives are far more than just reversing Trump, or even resuming the climate initiative first advocated by former President Barack Obama.

“President Biden today clearly heard the demands of our generation, understood the power of our movement, and seriously used executive power to fulfill campaign promises,” said Varshini Prakash, executive director of the Sunrise Movement, in a speech. statement.

As part of a broad new executive order, Biden is instructing the Ministry of the Interior to suspend new oil and gas leases on public land and offshore waters indefinitely. The order does not specifically prohibit new coal leases, but leaves fossil fuel leases on tribal land at its own discretion.

In addition, Biden is directing the review of existing fossil fuel leasing and development projects, and is asking the Ministry of the Interior to find ways to add renewable energy projects, especially offshore wind energy, to federally owned water and land.

The American Petroleum Institute, the oil and gas trade association, opposed the new restrictions. “Restricting the leasing and development of natural gas and oil on federal land and waters may threaten U.S. energy security, economic growth, and high-paying jobs in the U.S.,” API has been released.

Although the order will not affect most of the country’s oil and gas drilling and coal mining on private lands, it can still have a significant impact on the climate. According to the US Geological Survey, between 2005 and 2014, the extraction of fossil fuels on public land accounted for approximately 25% of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions report.

The key part of the executive order is the establishment of new offices and committees, focusing on specific climate issues and goals. In addition to the formal establishment of the new White House Family Climate Policy Office, Led by Gina McCarthyThe White House memorandum stated that Biden was once the head of the Environmental Protection Agency. Biden established a national climate task force on Wednesday to guide members of various agencies and departments to “make the government take a holistic approach to the climate crisis.”

Biden also created a civilian climate action plan aimed at creating new conservation efforts, a coal and power plant community and an inter-agency working group for economic recovery to carry out projects to reduce pollution from existing and abandoned fossil fuel infrastructure, and the White House Environmental Judiciary Inter-Council and the White House Environmental Justice Advisory Committee to strengthen the supervision and enforcement of environmental justice.

Few precise information is provided about who will take the lead in many new jobs, how much funding will be received, or a timetable for achieving these bold goals.

In most cases, Biden’s actions have followed his climate movement pledges, such as a pledge to reserve 30% of public land and waters for protection by 2030, and a pledge to hold an international climate summit in his first 100 days. , One of them will be held on Earth Day, April 22, 2021.

Raúl Grijalva, Arizona Democrat and Chairman of the House of Representatives, said: “Over the past four years, our public lands and waters have fallen into a crazy draught period, and this moratorium is the beginning of our overdue transition to The right approach to a more sustainable economy.” Natural Resources Commission. Last year, Grijalva co-sponsored the Ocean-Based Climate Solutions Act of 2020, which also supports the 30% protection target. He said that now Congress will advance the bill.

The US President’s special envoy for climate affairs, John Kerry, said at a press conference on Wednesday: “The risks of climate change simply cannot exceed the present.”

Speaking of the upcoming climate conference, he added: “Having this summit is essential to ensure that 2021 will make up for the lost time of the past four years.” “The world will measure us by what we can do at home.”

In addition, McCarthy (McCarthy) said on Wednesday that the United States plans to release the latest climate commitments to the Paris Climate Agreement before the April summit.

As part of a separate memo on scientific integrity, Biden is rebuilding the scientific advisory committee that was disbanded under Trump’s leadership. In addition, he also restarted the President’s Science and Technology Advisory Committee.



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