The historic inauguration of Joe Biden as the 46th President of the United States made headlines around the world.
A few hours after being sworn in as President of the United States, Joe Biden took his first major move at the White House, including signing an executive order to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement.
As a result, the United States will officially resume its historic commitment to limit warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius within 30 days. The United States, under the leadership of former President Donald Trump, withdrew from the agreement on November 4, 2020, the second day of the presidential election.
“The cry for survival comes from [the] Biden said: His inauguration speech, “A desperate or clear cry.”
The Paris Agreement has always been a symbolic promise, not a substantive promise. For the Trump administration, Abandon agreement Means The U.S. is giving up its role As a climate leader, we must redouble our efforts to become a country that relies on fossil fuel extraction.Now, under the leadership of the Biden administration, this move is Preemptive action The overthrow of Trump’s agenda on everything from immigration to pandemic response signifies that the country is more committed to responding to the climate crisis than ever before.
Even before Biden signed the executive order, the climate community began to praise it.
French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted: “Welcome back to the Paris climate agreement.”
Helen Mountford, vice chairman of climate and economics of the World Resources Institute, said in a statement: “After rejoining the Paris Agreement, President Biden will immediately indicate that this is a new day for the United States to participate in climate change.” In order to regain trust and credibility, it is necessary to formulate ambitious U.S. climate goals for 2030 after this action, and significantly expand climate financing for vulnerable countries.”
The need for action has never been more urgent than it is now, because the world is heading towards catastrophic warming. Above 3 degrees Celsius If there is no change, compare with the pre-industrial level.Last week, scientists announced that 2020 will actually match 2016 with The warmest year on record. In the United States, last year’s hurricanes and wildfires raged, The number of disasters that caused at least $1 billion in damages hit a record high.
Biden campaigned on the most aggressive climate platform of all presidential candidates, including repeated promises to rejoin the Paris Agreement on the first day of the presidency.
Since Biden won the election, the incoming administration named addressing Climate change is a priority And immediately began to lay the foundation for comprehensive changes.
The transition team announced in November that John Kerry, the former Secretary of State of Barack Obama, will assume the newly created special presidential special envoy for climate. In this position, Kerry will oversee the country’s international climate negotiations, including its participation in the Paris Agreement.
Then in December, the transition team announced plans for the newly established White House Office of Family Climate Policy. Led by Gina McCarthyObama’s former Director of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Although the Democratic Party is now leading the Senate by a narrow margin, it is expected that Biden will rely more on executive orders and new regulations to set its climate agenda. Passing bold legislation through a fiercely divided Congress will be a serious challenge. In Congress, many Republican lawmakers still expressed doubts about the urgency of the crisis and supported continued dependence on fossil fuels.
As part of Biden’s initial climate action, he instructed federal agencies to review various climate regulations finalized by the previous government to relax vehicle fuel economy and emission standards, methane emission standards, and electrical and building efficiency standards. He is also rebuilding the Interagency Working Group on Social Costs of Greenhouse Gases and revoking the presidential permit for the Keystone XL pipeline.
If the government implements a law that requires technology platforms to pay news publishers to display news reports in search results, Google threatens to withdraw its search engine from Australia, a country with 20 million Internet users.
“If this version [media] The code will become law, and it will give us no choice but to stop providing Google searches in Australia. Reported.
Soon after Facebook, which appeared with Google at the Senate hearing, issued the above statement, ask The country has a six-month grace period that allows it to deal directly with the news media before being bound by the code.
Google and Facebook Have been negotiating Since December 2019, the Code has been jointly formulated with the Australian Government. The country has been trying to become the first country to force these two technology platforms that absorb the most global digital advertising revenue to pay for content from news publishers that have been hit directly. This move may have a ripple effect across the world, including the United States.
A few hours before Silva’s speech agree Pay for French press publications to display content. But in Australia, the company argued that requiring platforms to pay for links would undermine a basic principle of the Internet, which is the ability to link freely between sites.
Google wrote: “Just like you don’t pay to include hyperlinks in emails, websites and search engines are unwilling to provide links to third-party websites.” Blog post. “It’s like asking the phone book to pay the business so that it can be included. It’s totally unreasonable.”
In response to Silva’s speech, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison refused to back down. “We don’t respond to threats,” he Tell reporter In Brisbane. “Australia sets the rules for what you can do in Australia. This is done in our parliament. This is done by our government. This is how Australia works here.”
“Does not accept WhatsApp’s new policy,” said one of the messages that spread on the platform. “Once completed, your WhatsApp account will be linked to your Facebook account and Zuckerberg can see all your chat history.”
“In another few months, WhatsApp will release a new version that will show you ads based on your chats,” another user said. “Do not accept the new policy!”
In the days that followed, thousands of similar messages spread on Facebook’s instant messaging app WhatsApp.Attracted by celebrities like Tesla CEO Elon Musk and whistleblower Edward Snowden, millions of people Rush Download alternatives to WhatsApp, such as Signal and Telegram.
There is only one problem: From the 4,000-word policy, it is clear that the new changes only apply when people use WhatsApp to chat with businesses instead of private conversations with friends and family.
No, the new terms will not allow Facebook to read your WhatsApp chat history, the company explained to anyone who asks.Executive positions Long thread Go to twitter and give Interview Large-scale publications to India, the company’s largest market. WhatsApp spent millions of dollars on major newspapers and front-page ads in newspapers Published graphics A large “Share to WhatsApp” button is used to expose rumors on its website, hoping to inject truth into the flow of false information through its platform. According to posts on its internal message board Workplace, the company also encourages Facebook employees to share these infographics.
A WhatsApp spokesperson told BuzzFeed News: “There is a lot of misinformation and confusion, so we are working hard to provide accurate information on how WhatsApp protects people’s personal conversations.” “We use the status function to communicate directly with people in WhatsApp, and Dozens of languages publish accurate information on social media and our website. Of course, we also provide these resources to company staff. So they can answer questions directly to friends and family as needed.”
None of them worked.
Over the years, rumors and hoaxes spread through WhatsApp have been Contributed to the misinformation crisis In some of the most populous countries in the world (such as Brazil and India), this app is the main way most people communicate with each other. Now, this crisis has spread to the company itself.
“Platform trust is [at a] Claire Wardle, co-founder and director of First Draft, a non-profit organization that studies disinformation, told BuzzFeed News. “Over the years, people have paid more and more attention to the power of technology companies, especially aware of how much data they are collecting from us. Therefore, when changing privacy policies, people are rightly concerned about what this means.”
Wardle said people are worried that WhatsApp will link their behavior on the app with data in their Facebook account.
“Facebook and WhatsApp have huge trust deficits,” said Pratik Sinha, founder of Alt News, an Indian fact-checking platform. “Once you have this information, any wrong information attributable to you can easily be consumed.”
Both Sinha and Wardle added that what didn’t help was ordinary people’s lack of understanding of how technology and privacy work. Wardell said: “Chaos is where misinformation floods, so people are eager to see the policy changes, and there is no doubt that many people believe this rumor.”
These misinformation patterns that have prevailed on WhatsApp for years have often caused harm. In 2013, a video circulated in the northern Indian city of Muzaffarnagar. The video allegedly showed two young men lynched to death, inciting riots between Hindus and Muslim communities and killing dozens of people.A kind Police investigation found The video has been two years old and was not even shot in India.In Brazil, fake news Flooded the platform Once favored by far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro (Jair Bolsonaro), the latter won the country’s 2018 presidential election.
However, the company did not seriously address its misinformation problem until 2018, when rumors about child kidnappers swept across the platform led to Violent Lynching Series All over India.In a statement issued at the time, the Indian IT Ministry caveat WhatsApp took legal action and stated that if the company fails to solve the problem, it will be “deemed as a teacher”, thus putting WhatsApp in a crisis. It flew from senior executives at the company’s Menlo Park, California, headquarters to New Delhi, met with government officials and reporters, and launched a high-profile publicity campaign around misinformation.
It also has new features built into the app to directly offset error messages for the first time, such as Flag forwarded messages with limit The number of people or groups that can forward a piece of content to slow down the spread of viral content.Last August Also started Let people from a small number of countries upload the text of the message to Google to verify that the forwarder is a forgery. This feature is not yet available for WhatsApp users in India.
Since then, the company working Use a tool that allows users to search for images received in the app with one click in 2019, which will help people more easily perform fact-checking. But after nearly two years, there is no sign of this feature. Although so far, more than a dozen countries/regions have provided the text version, so far, India has not been included.
A WhatsApp spokesperson told BuzzFeed News: “We are still working on the search tool function.”
This week, the company placed a status message at the top of the “Status” section, which is the WhatsApp equivalent of a Facebook story. Tap “Status” to display a series of news from the company, revealing the rumors.
“WhatsApp will not share your contacts with Facebook,” the first contact said. The other two status updates indicate that WhatsApp cannot see where people are, nor can it read or listen to encrypted personal conversations. The last message said: “We are committed to protecting your privacy.”
According to internal communications reviewed by BuzzFeed News, before the weekly Q&A, employees asked Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg multiple questions on Thursday. Some people want to know whether the growing use of signals and telegrams is affecting WhatsApp usage and growth indicators. Others hope that the CEO will solve the question of whether Facebook uses any WhatsApp metadata to serve ads.
Another commented: “The public is angry with @WhatsApp PrivPolicy.” “The mistrust of FB is so high, we should be more cautious about it.”
Zuckerberg responded that he believes the company has not handled these changes well.
He said: “The short answer is no, I think we have not handled it as expected.” “And I think the team has been involved in all the work and has learned a lot of lessons to ensure that we continue to do better, and Not only on WhatsApp TOS. But you know, we also have other TOS updates for different apps and services. We need to make sure we do better in these two areas. In this way, we can minimize The number of error messages and error messages generated, and minimize the amount of confusing information caused.”
Ryan Mac provided the report.
President Donald Trump Wednesday forgive Anthony Levandowski, formerly an engineer at Google and Uber, and an expert in autonomous vehicles, Sentenced He was sentenced to 18 months in prison in August 2020 for stealing Google’s trade secrets.
Levandowski pioneered the development of self-driving car technology at Google and made millions of dollars. He resigned from the company and founded the self-driving truck startup Otto, which was sold to ride-hailing giant Uber in 2016 for $680 million. A year later, Waymo, Google’s self-driving car division Suing Uber Alleged that Levandowski had taken thousands of Google files, including confidential product designs, before he left.
When Uber offered Waymo nearly $250 million in stock and agreed not to infringe the company’s intellectual property rights, the two companies finally reached a settlement.
But in August 2019, federal prosecutors charged Levandowski with 33 thefts and attempted thefts.Last March, Levandowski pleaded guilty to a trade secret theft and pleaded guilty to downloading thousands of internal Google files To his personal computer. In addition to being sentenced to 18 months in prison, he was also fined US$95,000 and US$756,500 in compensation. The judge agreed to let Levandowski leave the prison until the end of the trial. Coronavirus pandemic.
“Mr. Lewandowski paid a heavy price for his actions and plans to use his talents to promote the public good. statement The pardon was announced on the last day of Trump’s presidency and a lot of of other. The White House called Lewandowski an “American entrepreneur who led Google’s efforts to create autonomous driving technology.”
People who support pardons include Silicon Valley billionaires Peter ThielA long-term supporter of Trump and the founder of Oculus Palmer Luckey, He once donated money to pro-Trump non-profit organizations related to alt-rights.
A Waymo spokesperson declined to comment on Levandowski’s pardon. Uber did not respond to a request for comment.
Solar energy has established a good reputation, saving the planet by providing clean energy. However, the bottom line of the industry is dirty: its main components rely heavily on Xinjiang (in China, the region has become synonymous with forced labor by Muslim minorities).
In the past four years, China has arrested more than 1 million people worldwide. Detention facility network The entire Xinjiang region.Many of these camps Including factory A place where Muslim minorities are forced to work. The solar industry is extremely dependent on parts and materials imported from the region, where tight government surveillance makes it almost impossible for outside observers to assess whether people are working according to their wishes. However, there are few alternative suppliers for the components required by the US solar industry.
This is a particular problem for polysilicon, which is a metallic gray crystal form of an essential element for the manufacture of solar cells, which can convert light into energy. In 2016, only 9% of the world’s solar-grade polysilicon came from Xinjiang. But according to industry analyst Johannes Bernreuter, it will account for about 45% of the world’s supply by 2020.
At least one major Chinese polysilicon manufacturer maintains close ties with the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), a state-controlled paramilitary organization. Last year, the US government imposed sanctions on XPCC to help Beijing carry out large-scale Muslim detentions. The United States cited evidence that cotton is produced using forced labor and therefore banned cotton.
The US solar industry faces a choice: ignore the risk of human rights violations, or develop costly new alternatives for an industry to strive to compete with more polluting forms of energy production.
Another major polysilicon producer in China stated that it has a relationship with “vocational schoolIn Xinjiang, this is a red flag because the Chinese government has long used the term as a euphemism for detention camps.
The organization’s general counsel, John Smirnow, said that the Solar Energy Industry Association, which represents US solar companies, opposes “condemned” human rights violations in Xinjiang and “encourages” companies to move their supply chains out of the region.
He said: “We have no indication that solar energy is directly implicated, but there are reports that we want to ensure that forced labor will never become part of the solar supply chain.”
But as President Joe Biden is preparing to take the office, after promising to improve America’s clean energy infrastructure, the US solar industry faces a choice: ignore the risk of human rights abuse or develop expensive new alternatives in order to fight for competition and more pollution. Form of energy production.
China dominates After the global polysilicon industry Impose tariffs on polysilicon imports From the United States, South Korea and the European Union, and increased domestic production, Obvious retaliation for tariffs imposed by the U.S.,Year 2014. China is also one of the world’s largest consumers of polysilicon, which means that many companies outside of China start to compete and become increasingly unpopular, because exporting polysilicon in China is no longer cost-effective. In the following years, China’s polysilicon industry has flourished, not only in Xinjiang, but also in other regions such as Sichuan in the southwest.
Bernreuter said: “Most of the supply chain is concentrated in China, while most of the rest of Southeast Asia is in factories owned by Chinese companies.” “There is no other choice in the supply chain.”
But in recent months, imports from Xinjiang have aroused the anger of American lawmakers.
In the last Congress, the delegates Considered A bill that will ban all commodities in the region, this legislation may be restored to take effect at the upcoming meeting.House bill Targeted “Poverty Alleviation” Program Make Xinjiang Muslims work in factories and farms far from home.
“It is almost impossible to confidently assess the working conditions in Xinjiang.”
Since the end of 2016, the Chinese government has launched a campaign that includes mass detention, digital surveillance, indoctrination, and forced labor of approximately 13 million Muslim minorities in Xinjiang Uyghurs, Kazakhs and other regions. . Experts say that non-Chinese people who come to Xinjiang are often closely monitored or accompanied by the police, making it difficult for companies to audit their forced labor supply chain.
“It’s almost impossible to confidently assess working conditions in Xinjiang because it’s almost impossible to get qualified assessors into the area. Then, due to surveillance, their ability to interview workers (especially Uyghur workers) is limited.” Amy Lehr, Director of the Human Rights Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC report BuzzFeed News tells the area about forced labor.
However, if the U.S. Customs and Border Protection suspects the use of forced labor, it already has the legal power to prohibit imports from the region.The agency stopped a batch of human shipments from Xinjiang in July According to the report The expansion is carried out using prison labor. In December, CBP Seized goods Xinjiang’s cotton and computer accessories. this week, It is forbidden Import tomato and cotton products from so-called “slave labor” in the region.
Lyell said: “Even without a regional ban, it is possible for CBP to review the Xinjiang-related forced labor risks in the solar company’s supply chain.”
The research team of Horizon Consulting said in a report that polysilicon from Xinjiang often landed in the United States.
The report said: “These goods entered the United States directly or indirectly from China and entered the United States in several other countries (including Thailand, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore and Vietnam),” the report concluded, “exposure to forced labor is widespread. “, including “solar panels imported and installed in the United States.”
Forced labor is usually used for manufacturing jobs that do not require specialized skills. Some of these types of tasks (for example, taking apart tubes of materials) are used to produce polysilicon.
Industry experts said that if the United States does ban polysilicon imports from China, then US-based companies will have enough capacity to make up for the shortage, but will face higher costs and other problems in the supply chain.
On the one hand, other parts used in solar panels are also dominated by Chinese manufacturing. Once the polysilicon is made, it is cut into small pieces called “silicon wafers.” The vast majority of wafer manufacturers are located in China. And compared with other parts of China, it is cheaper to produce polysilicon in Xinjiang. Xinjiang companies can get large subsidies from the government, and the cost of electricity provided by coal-fired power plants is usually lower than wages in the richer regions of China.
The manufacturing plant of Norwegian polysilicon manufacturer REC Silicon is located in the United States. The company invested more than $1 billion to build a polysilicon plant in Washington State. After China imposed tariffs on U.S. goods, the company had to slow down production first, and then shut it down completely in 2019.
Moreover, the industry may face more domestic difficulties in the future.An executive of Hemlock Semiconductor Group, an American polysilicon manufacturer Tell investors On October 22, he “fully believed” that the US government was about to investigate the solar supply chain.
Most polysilicon in Xinjiang It is manufactured by four Chinese companies, which are one of the world’s six largest material suppliers. One of them, Daqo New Energy Corp (Daqo New Energy Corp) is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. What follows is a requirement for transparency, which allows a better understanding of how it operates.
According to Chinese state media reports and the company’s website, the company has close ties with the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), a state-owned paramilitary organization in China. The organization is strong enough to manage cities in the region. The most famous of its Chinese activities is the “Bingtuan”, whose activities include helping Han immigrants settle in Xinjiang and manage farms. The Corps issued a policy document in 2013, including solar energy as one of its “development goals”.
In July, the US government imposed sanctions on XPCC, saying that it helped implement the Beijing mass detention policy against Muslims.U.S. on December 2 Prohibition of import of cotton The product produced by XPCC cited evidence of its use of forced labor.
Unable to contact XPCC for comment.
In a public document filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission in October, Daegu Disclosure Since XPCC operates the regional power grid, it has gained “other advantages” in terms of electricity costs.Local national newspaper The report says The total amount of Daegu subsidies paid by the Corps exceeded RMB 489,447 (approximately US$75,000). The two companies also received millions of dollars in subsidies from the Shihezi municipal government in Xinjiang, which is managed by the Xinjiang Corps.use Chinese Press release, Daegu Xinjiang Branch also pointed out that it is regarded as an “innovative enterprise pilot unit” of XPCC.
Daegu’s polysilicon plant is located 7 miles north of Shihezi City. Construction work began in the spring of 2011, when 110 farmland the size of a football field was cleared to make room for the factory. By 2013, it had been completed, and the large industrial buildings covering the site were connected by an elevated pipeline network. In 2014, the building was expanded by another 3 million square feet, and new buildings continued to be added in the following two years. The latest growth of the plant occurred in the summer of 2019. An additional 3 million square feet were added to the southwest end of the building, and the previously unused part of the site was filled with buildings. The factory now occupies 12.2 million square feet, equivalent to 215 football fields.
Daktronics could not comment, but Said before It does not use forced labor “under any circumstances, whether in its own facilities or throughout the supply chain.”
According to research by CSIS and other organizations, in Xinjiang, programs euphemistically described as “poverty alleviation” are related to forced labor.
“It would be unsustainable to build an industry based on coal and slave labor.”
One of Xinjiang’s other large polysilicon producers, GCL-Poly Energy, stated in an annual report that it is cooperating with Xinjiang’s “vocational schools”. The government has long called detention camps in this area vocational schools. Chinese News also said that GCL-Poly participated in the poverty alleviation plan.
Unable to access GCL-Poly to comment.
Francine Sullivan, vice president of business development for Norwegian polysilicon manufacturer REC Silicon, said the industry must make a choice.
She said: “It will be unsustainable to build an industry based on coal and slaves.” “Most people in the solar field think that it will be polluted by the green and far away from us. We don’t need solar energy because we are solar energy.” ●
In the past week, nearly 2 billion people around the world who used Facebook-owned instant messaging service WhatsApp were welcomed by huge pop-up windows when they launched the app.
Unless people agree to these new terms, they will be denied access to WhatsApp on February 8.
Online, the rebound is very fast. “Use Signal” Tweet Tesla CEO Elon Musk has 42 million followers, referring to the open source WhatsApp alternative, which is very popular among people who deal with sensitive information such as journalists and activists. popular. “I use [Signal] Everyday, I’m not dead yet,” Tweet US whistleblower Edward Snowden (Edward Snowden). In Turkey, the media office of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the country’s Ministry of Defense announced that Put down WhatsApp After the policy was changed, an investigation was launched.
In most countries/regions in the world, Signal has become the number one free app in the Google and Apple app stores. Data analysis company Sensor Tower shows that in the week of January 4, more than 8.8 million people downloaded Signal on iPhone and Android phones, compared with only 246,000 last week. Telegram, another WhatsApp alternative, Say On Tuesday, more than 25 million people joined in the past 72 hours.
“I am worried about my privacy,” J. Paul, a marketing expert in Mumbai, told BuzzFeed News. He only wanted to identify it by initials. “Facebook monetizes its products in a way that is intrusive to users.”
In addition to Facebook itself, WhatsApp is Facebook’s largest and most popular service.In markets such as Brazil and India, the app is Default way Communication with hundreds of millions of people. But so far, Facebook spent $22 billion to acquire it in 2014, but the company has basically remained independent and has not tried to profit from it. Now, the situation is changing.
A WhatsApp spokesperson told BuzzFeed News: “We are always committed to protecting the privacy and security of people’s private information,” and said A link Go to the page explaining the new policy published by the company earlier this week. “In the long run, the best way to maintain end-to-end encryption is to have a business model that protects people’s private communications.”
The page said that WhatsApp believes that communications with companies are different from communications with family and friends, and it breaks down data that the company may share with Facebook in the future.
“If you spend $22 billion to acquire an asset sooner or later, shareholders want you to monetize it,” Mishi Choudhary, a technology lawyer and online civil liberties activist based in New York, told BuzzFeed News.
WhatsApp, founded by two former Yahoo employees, Jan Koum and Brian Acton, initially charged one dollar a year. After Facebook provided the application for free, it grew rapidly. In the first few years after purchasing the app in 2014, Facebook largely ignored WhatsApp. But in 2018, it launched WhatsApp Business, which enables businesses to use WhatsApp to communicate with customers. Facebook hopes for the first time that WhatsApp will start generating revenue.
In the past year, WhatsApp has added more business-oriented features, such as air tickets and shopping receipts, table of Contents, with payment method. WhatsApp said that there are more than 50 million companies on the platform, and more than 175 million people send messages to companies on the app every day.
Paul said: “I don’t trust Facebook.” He recently disabled his Facebook account, although he still uses Instagram and WhatsApp. He said: “I have to persevere, but I don’t trust it.”
Since Facebook acquired WhatsApp, trust in WhatsApp has weakened. Koum defended the sale of the app to Facebook in 2014 Blog post, Indicating that the company is not interested in people’s personal data. He wrote: “If working with Facebook means we have to change our values, then we won’t do it.” But two years later, WhatsApp Announce It will start sharing some data, including phone numbers and the last time people used Facebook’s services-the EU has taken this initiative for this fined This is 110 million euros.
In response, Facebook is on a charm offensive. In India, this is the company’s largest market, with more than 400 million users. The company has published full-page advertisements in major newspapers across the United States to clarify that people cannot see private messages or hear their calls. The WhatsApp ad said: “Respect for your privacy has been encoded into our DNA,” which echoes a sentence in Koum’s 2014 blog post.
He wrote: “The important thing for us is that this update describes business communication and does not change the data sharing practices of WhatsApp and Facebook.” “This does not affect people with friends or family anywhere in the world. The way of communicating privately.”
Cathcart did not respond to BuzzFeed News’ request for comment.
Despite strong protests, it is difficult to abandon WhatsApp in a country like India. Paul, a marketing expert from Mumbai, said he will continue to use the app until he urges everyone he knows to switch to Signal.
He said: “This is not an easy task because of how convenient WhatsApp is.”
According to some analyses released by scientists around the world last week, 2020 has officially become the hottest year on record, marking that global warming has not abated.
After a year of climate catastrophe, a heat record was produced: historical heat waves, hurricanes and wildfires.
Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, said in a statement: “This clearly shows that the global signals generated by man-made climate change are now as powerful as natural forces.”
The analysis is inconsistent as to whether 2020 is the hottest year on record. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) found in a report released on Thursday that 2020 almost surpassed 2016, becoming the hottest year ever. Effectively record.Another analysis Published on Thursday The conclusion drawn by the National Oceano and Atmospheric Administration is that 2020 is second only to 2016.And last week, the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service determined 2020 Tied with 2016 As the warmest year.
Because the research team used various techniques to piece together global temperature profiles based on temperature observations from thousands of weather stations, the conclusions they reached were slightly different.
The 2020 high temperature record is only the latest record of high temperature attacks for several consecutive years.
NASA researcher Lesley Ott said: “The past 7 years have been the hottest on record.” Therefore, no matter where each year falls, “the continuity of recent years has been The hottest on record,” she said.
For all these analyses, “the difference between 2020 and 2016 is less than the uncertainty in the record,” Zeke Hausfather, a climate scientist at Berkeley Earth, an independent research organization, told BuzzFeed News via email. “So this is actually the warmest tie.”
Most of 2020 will be hot weather, but the natural cooling phenomenon of La Niña (LaNiña) gradually subsided.
Taras said: “Despite the La Niña incident, the high temperature in 2020 will still bring a temporary cooling effect.”
Climate change drives other major high temperature records in 2020.
Siberia experienced a month-long heat wave. The Arctic town of Verkhoyansk had its hottest day on record, reaching 100 degrees Fahrenheit on June 20. to sum up.
Copernicus’ analysis shows that 2020 is the hottest year on record in Europe, 1.6 degrees Celsius higher than the average temperature from 1981 to 2010. This record was maintained before 2019, and the observed temperature was 0.4 degrees Celsius higher than the same period.
Last year also marked The busiest known hurricane season in the AtlanticAnd history A series of wildfires in the western United States.The result is that the U.S. experienced Billion dollar disaster In 2020. The worst forest fire in Australian history. In addition, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere continues to climb, reaching a new high of 413 parts per million in May last year.
At the same time, the pandemic triggered an economic shock, leading to U.S. emissions are expected to fall by 10.3% According to the preliminary analysis of the research organization Rhodium Group, by 2020 The greater trend of global emissions decline last year. However, short-term emission reductions are not enough to curb the trend of world warming-this will require long-term emission reductions.
Otter said: “Most of the warming we see is due to human emissions of greenhouse gases.”
Including torpedo fuel and toast water.
Delicious jelly salad
Whale dung (some kind)
Black iguana eggs
Finally, the others.
January 10, 2021, 22:45 PM
Yes, therefore, the previous version of this post incorrectly stated that during the period of Lent (also known as “Lauris”), the Catholic Church in the sixth century could eat unborn bunnies. Although this is a common idea for a century and will be a violent addition to this list, Totally fake. I went back to my source and found that maybe only one person did this, and no one thought he was normal at the time. Thanks to our readers for pointing this out!
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as a The mob stormed into the U.S. Capitol Last week, extreme right-wing extremists, white supremacists and neo-Nazis spread hatred and fueled violence across the globe. Now experts warn that, like last week’s attack or attempted attack on the U.S. Congress, Swept the German Parliament August may take place at a later date.
On Wednesday, the House of Representatives voted to impeach him Unprecedented second timeTrump issued a statement urging to remain calm. “In view of more reports of demonstrations, I urge no violence, illegality, and vandalism in any form. … I call on all Americans to help ease tension and calm their tempers,” he wrote.
But for extremists, it may be too late to see that the chaotic situation in the United States is developing. Samantha Kutner, a researcher at the Khalifa Ihler Institute, told BuzzFeed News that far-right groups around the world view the uprising as a “mass recruitment effort” and “protecting white supremacy”. struggle”.
Since the riots, BuzzFeed News has monitored the social media accounts of nearly 32 far-right extremist groups and leaders outside the United States. Members of extremist groups including the Scandinavian Nordic Resistance Movement, the Casa Pound in Italy, the Azov Movement in Ukraine, the Pride Boys in Australia and the United Kingdom, and the little-known but not highly dangerous The members of the entity called for more bloodshed.
A neo-Nazi channel on the instant messaging app Telegram called on hundreds of its subscribers to raise their arms and “enjoy the deadly carnival that is coming.”
Another such channel on the platform shared a post telling its thousands of followers to begin to believe in their “acceleration fantasies” because “you are one”.
Other extremists in Telegram and Gab, another social network that is very popular on the far right, held the “Millions of Militia March” on January 20 and urged supporters to participate in the state’s armed parade starting Saturday.
Although mainstream social media companies like Facebook and Twitter have begun to delete accounts associated with Trump supporters and far-right extremists, and apple with Google Completely abandoned the marginal right friendly platform Parler, leaving countless violent and ominous messages.
“I do hope that foreign far-right groups will feel bold and bold by January 6,” extremist researcher and author of the Financial Times Cynthia Miller Adriss Hate the countryTell BuzzFeed News. “After the failure of the far-right attack on the German parliament four months ago, this is a model of’success’ for the global far right, and many groups will praise this as a victory.”
In August, during a demonstration in Berlin against the German government coronavirusRelated restrictions, hundreds of right wing The demonstrators broke through obstacles and tried to break into the country’s legislature. While shocked, the police managed to repel the crowd within minutes.
Since January 6, most extremist channels have added dozens (or even hundreds) of members, and many of them have begun to share messages with each other for the first time.
Jason Blazakis, a senior researcher at the SouFun Center, told BuzzFeed News that there is already some coordination between overseas extreme right-wing extremists and American extremists. But he said that after last week’s riots, “this connection may increase due to the success of the far-right.”
Sergei Korotkikh, a Belarusian-born neo-Nazi and the head of the Ukrainian Azov Movement, was called a nationalist hate organization by the State Department. He used racist words for the attack on his Telegram channel. cheer. He wrote to his nearly 23,000 followers: “The white man finally decided to take action and took over the Capitol. This is good, although it may not produce any results this time. But I think it gives us a chance. The white man Still here, we know what to do.”
In another article, Korotkikh shared a picture in red, white and blue text with the words “Make America hate again”.
Azov has been working hard for the past five years Relations with European and American white supremacists. One of them is Robert Rundo, the American white supremacist who emerged from the violent movement. Rundo and other RAM members participated in the Unity Right Rally held in Charlottesville in August 2017. It is said that Seen in the Capitol riots.
However, Rundo is not there. He currently lives in Serbia to avoid prosecution in the United States for alleged crimes committed in Charlottesville and California. He cheered for the violence on his Telegram channel, saying that the turmoil might encourage white supremacy.
“Many of us are constantly talking about opportunities such as those we see today. For those who want to stand up…today may be the day.” He wrote to his more than 4,000 subscribers.
This is the emotion expressed by one of his close comrades, a Russian mixed martial arts fighter and a neo-Nazi Denis Nikitin (Non-Nazi Denis Nikitin) who lives in Ukraine. Nikitin, his White Rex clothing company is Popular among white American nationalists, Compares the riots with Ku Klux Klan in 1925 on Pennsylvania Avenue in March.
Although it seems that international extremists are only providing moral support for people in the United States, Blazhakis said they will be able to provide more soon.
He said: “I see that overseas actors will provide material support for U.S. far-right actors in the future, if that has not happened yet.” “Since there is no far-right terrorist organization sanctioned by the U.S. government, there is no way to stop this. This kind of capital flow occurs. This is a big loophole.”
Kutner discovered extremist groups in the United States that raised funds to help participants in the uprising. BuzzFeed News saw that at least four foreign far-right accounts on Telegram shared links to these crowdfunding campaigns.
Miller-Idriss said that unless U.S. authorities stage a Capitol riot and instigate rioters, including Trump, more bloodshed is likely to occur in the United States and abroad.
She said: “It is absolutely necessary to send a strong message that this kind of violence is an act of treason and will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.”