Marwa Fatafta’s mentions on Twitter are rampant.
Following the escalation of Israeli-Palestinian violence earlier this month, Fatafta, a Palestinian, worked as a policy analyst at an online think tank that cares about Palestinian human rights in Berlin and posted photos of families killed in the Gaza Strip to her. And story. 14,000 followers. In response, she was trapped. Certain hate speeches come from Palestinian far-right statements, which refer to the Palestinians as her “terrorists.” But many people seem to be from India-Fatafta said that their usernames have Indian names and Indian flags.
Fatafata told BuzzFeed News: “It seems that all nationalists from India and Israel are gathered together.” “This is a fascinating phenomenon. I have never been attracted to people in India before.”
As the deadly violence of the Israeli military Killed 248 Palestinians Hamas killed 13 Israelis, ended because of the ceasefire, hate speech targeted Jews online It levitatedAnd anti-Semitism violence.
However, this conflict has also triggered an online boom of hate speech and misinformation directed at Muslims around the world. Full-page ad in The New York Times defendant Anti-Semitism of pop singer Dua Lipa and models Gigi and Bella Hadid.Last week, the pro-Israel lobby group U.S. Israel Public Affairs Committee Ran a Facebook ad Superimposing the face of Representative Ilhan Omar on the Hamas rocket, Actually inaccurate Title: “When Israel targeted Hamas, Representative Omar called it a terrorist act.” Israel’s official Arabic Twitter account Angry muslim Through the publication of scriptures in the Quran and pictures of Israel’s airstrikes in the Gaza Strip (this tweet has since been deleted).
The possibility of hatred and lies against Muslims in the Middle East conflict is nothing new. But the novelty is the source: India. In the world’s largest democracy, online and offline anti-Muslim hatred has gradually become mainstream.Just a year ago, politicians from the party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and dozens of news channels Accuse a party International Islamic mission group Tablighi Jamaat deliberately spread coronavirus More than 4,000 cases in India To be linked Make it happen. At the time, #CoronaJihad was one of the hottest topics on Twitter in the region.
On Saturday, New Draft News, a non-profit organization based in the United Kingdom, studied false information. Published An analysis of 300,000 tweets related to the Israeli-Palestinian crisis. They found a campaign containing thousands of tweets and hashtags that appeared to be created in India, one of Twitter’s main markets.
“When analyzing these tweets, we noticed that the popular hashtags always have some Indian references,” Carlotta Dotto, senior data reporter for The First Draft, told BuzzFeed News. “It’s amazing.”
Dotto focuses on #UnitedAgainstJehad, which is a deliberately misspelled tag. Between May 12 and May 17, nearly 6,000 accounts were mentioned more than 40,000 times. Coordinate the battle Designed to make it popular and accompanied by the many years of heated debates about Muslims by Indian Indian nationalists, such as Holy war of love, An unfounded conspiracy theory accusing Muslim men of converting Hindu women to Islam through marriage. 10% of accounts using the #tag were created in May.
“It is clear that, given the online attention, they promoted their narrative on Twitter in India and the world during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” Dotto said.
Although India has previously tended to avoid involvement in the region, under Modi’s leadership, relations between India and Israel have improved significantly, and Modi became India’s first prime minister to visit India in 2017. Part of the reason is that the leaders of both countries are conservative nationalists. In addition, India’s right-wingers have taken advantage of the country’s long-term competition with neighboring Pakistan.
Jency Jacob, the executive editor of Boom, India’s leading fact-checking agency, told BuzzFeed News: “India’s right wing finds that Israel is fascinated for multiple reasons.” “This is a small country surrounded by Muslim neighbors. It is fighting against it, and it has a strong leader committed to protecting the border.”
Jacob added: “As long as there is tension between an Islamic country and any other country, the far-right ecosystem will attract the interests of the non-Muslim side.” “For them, it is a natural aggression that makes them All prejudices were created against ordinary Muslims.”
India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata party and its supporters have seized the conflict. Tajinder Pal Singh Bagga, Spokesperson of the People’s Party, call Islam is a “virus” that is “inducing terrorism in the world” and said: “Israel is the vaccine against the virus. Please support Israel.” claim Muslims believe that “religion is greater than nation.” Each of Bagga’s tweets has received thousands of reposts and likes. Hundreds of insults to Muslims were also forwarded through WhatsApp, an instant messaging application owned by Facebook and used by thousands of Indians.
“Checked most #IndiaStandWithIsrael tweet handles,” Tweet Rana Ayyub is a high-profile Indian journalist who is frequently attacked by far-right Moody supporters. “One of the common thread throughout is the inner hatred of Muslims and the hobby of seeing Muslims being massacred and showing their place.”
As an overseer within Israel Try hard to keep up With too much hatred and lies, it is not easy for them to travel abroad.Take the economy as an example, the fact investigation is almost Two dozen stories, Some of them portray the Palestinians as their suffering.
Jacob told BuzzFeed News: “This has become one of our important topics.”
One of the error messages False characterization A mock funeral organized by young Jordanians in 2020 was to escape the lockdown of the coronavirus because the Palestinians held a funeral for “international sympathy.”Another virus folder Try to impersonate According to a 2017 news report about a Palestinian makeup artist, this Palestinian resident pretended to be injured in the current conflict.
Fatafta said: “The suppression is transnational.” “Islamphobia is the common denominator here.”