US President Joe Biden and his Russian President Vladimir Putin may have a feeling of doing well when they left Geneva.Troubled by mutual mistrust, the summit of the two countries passed No major disagreements And agreed on a list of important areas of cooperation.
But Russia warned that it will be much more difficult to flesh out the details and make tangible progress.
“This is a challenge to higher diplomatic mathematics,” said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov. “In this matter, it is of course important to show not only political will, but also creative methods.”
Putin and Biden agreed to restart arms control negotiations at the summit on Wednesday. Establish bilateral discussions on cyber security And explore the potential of exchanging citizens held in each other’s prisons. In the past, neither party has made progress in these areas.
“There is no perfect match,” Ryabkov said in an interview published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Thursday. “If so, then in general, it means that all agreements have been reached.”
“On the contrary, we are under the impression that the American method contains very different constants from ours. Combining these methods and these two formulas will be a difficult task,” he said when referring to arms control negotiations, adding , Supplementary consultations may start in “a few weeks.”
The United States withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty under President Donald Trump, which banned land-based missiles with a range of 500-5500 kilometers and refused to negotiate an alternative agreement that did not include China.
At the same time, Washington accused Russia of ordering, supporting or abetting cyber attacks on US companies, government agencies, and infrastructure. Moscow rejected these claims and stated that it was also a continuing victim of hacking attacks.
Although Putin and Biden confirmed that they will continue the dialogue between the Syrian army, they still directly oppose it Moscow supports Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko And the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.
Biden said that the test will be whether the negotiations make progress in the next three to six months, but he expressed his skepticism about future tasks to reporters after the summit: “When did I say I was confident?”
Their separate press releases will allow the two leaders to give professional compliments to each other while reiterating their long-standing complaints.
Biden condemned Russia’s treatment of opposition activist Alexei Navalny and warned “Devastating consequences“For Moscow, if he died in prison, he also criticized the Kremlin for harassing foreign media.
Putin had previously compared Navalny’s imprisonment with those charged for participating in the US Capitol riots in January, and cited the US detention facility in Guantanamo Bay to accuse Biden of hypocrisy on human rights issues.
But the overall attitude of the two sides showed that the talks at least prevented the spiral of relations between the two countries to their lowest point after the Cold War.
“We warned from the beginning not to have too high expectations for this summit. But we can now say that, first of all, based on the president’s own opinion, this can be said to be quite positive,” Putin spokesman Dmitry Pace Cove said Thursday morning.
“The two leaders have the opportunity to express their positions directly and understand more or less where they can interact and where they are temporarily unable to interact due to their absolute differences.”
To help the two sides translate the presidential agreement into tangible results, the ambassadors of the two countries are expected to return to their posts in the next few days, after they had been absent for several months after deciding to let them return home for consultations.
But Peskov cautioned against making rapid progress. He said that no specific agreement was reached on cybersecurity and there was “no deadline” for possible prisoner exchanges.
“There are framework discussions at the state level, and then very, very difficult work will begin,” he said, referring to the exchange of prisoners. “You need to sit down and talk about the work level. In fact, all other issues are the same.”
A senior official in the Biden administration stated that the purpose of the summit is to inject stability and predictability into the relationship between the two countries, while also keeping expectations low.
“[W]The official told reporters after the summit. “This will be an ongoing process, and the final test is whether there are actual results.”